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Time Line Of Victorian Birmingham

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Handsworth and Handsworth Wood
Countryfile
Handsworth Park
Edith Holden 1871-1920
J.R.R. Tolkien. 1892-1973
Moseley
Edward Burne-Jones 1833-1898
Time Line Of Victorian Birmingham
Kent Street Baths and Wash Houses (c 1855)
Birmingham or Brummagem?
Brum Rocked
Brumbeat
Boulton, Murdoch and Watt
Albert Ketèlbey 1875-1955

1837 Queen Victoria comes to the throne

1838 Municipal charter establishes an elected council, adopts "Forward" as motto

1838 London to Birmingham Railway opens, terminus at Curzon Street

1842 Police force established

1846 Adderley Park in Saltley opens (11 acres) Birmingham's first public park

1850 First city asylum opens at Winson Green

1851 The Improvement Act incorporates powers of old local bodies in the town council, giving it complete control over roads, sewers, lighting and sanitary arrangements, public buildings, markets and baths.

 

1851 Kent Street baths and wash-house opens

1857 Calthorpe Park opens (31 acres)

1861 First public library opens, in Constitution Hill

1864 Aston Hall and park opens to the public (49 acres)

1867 Art gallery opens

1870 School board started

1872 First Medical Officer of Health, Dr Hill, appointed

1872-3 First horse bus service introduced from Snow Hill to Dudley Port. The first tram lines built by the Borough Council then leased to the Birmingham Tramway Company.

1873 Joseph Chamberlain becomes mayor

1873 Cannon Hill Park opens (81 acres)

1874 Aston Villa Football Club founded

1874 First Municipal hospital (for fever only)

1874-9 The Council House built

1875 The Artisans Dwellings Act allows Corporations to acquire, demolish and redevelop slum areas. Clearance begins for the building of Corporation Street. Corporation takes over the supply of gas. Birmingham City Football Club founded. Birmingham Fire Brigade started.

1876 Joseph Chamberlain elected as one of Birmingham's M.P.s. Bye-law passed which effectively forbids the building of back-to-back houses. Town takes over the private water supply.

1878 Private Act of Parliament allows the corporation to take over certain burial grounds in the central ward and make them into public gardens - St Martin's, St Mary's, St George's, and St Philip's.

1879 George and Richard Cadbury build new factory at Bournville, 4 miles from the town.

1882 First steam trains introduced.

1889 Birmingham becomes a city. Corporation Street completed.

1891 Balsall Heath, Saltley and Harborne incorporated into Birmingham. City Takes over the supply of electricity.

1901 J. Cuming Walters publishes a series of articles in the Birmingham Daily Gazette entitled "Scenes in Slumland". In June, in the face of public pressure, The Housing Committee is formed.

1901 February, Queen Victoria dies.

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